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The Kaushalya river, a tributary of Ghaggar river, is a river in Panchkula district of Haryana state of India.[1]

Kaushalya River
Kaushalya dam near Pinjore
Physical characteristics
  locationShivalik Hills, Himachal Pradesh
Panchkula district, Haryana
Length20 km (12 mi)
  locationGhaggar river just south-east of Pinjore
Basin features
WaterbodiesKaushalya Dam
BridgesKaushalya bridge

Origin and route

The Kaushalya river rises in the Shivalik hills on the border of Haryana and Himachal Pradesh State, and flows through Panchkula district and confluences with Ghaggar river near Pinjore just downstream of Kaushalya Dam.[1]

The basin is classified in two parts, Khadir and Bangar, the higher area that is not flooded in rainy season is called Bangar and the lower flood-prone area is called Khadar.[2]

Several archaeologists have identified the old Ghaggar-Hakra River with the Sarasvati river, on the banks of which the Indus Valley civilisation developed.[3][4][5][6]

See also


  1. - Kaushalya dam
  2. HaryanaOnline - Geography of Haryana Archived 1 February 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  3. Possehl, Gregory L. (December 1997), "The Transformation of the Indus Civilization", Journal of World Prehistory, 11 (4): 425–472, doi:10.1007/bf02220556, JSTOR 25801118, S2CID 161129625
  4. Kenoyer, J. M. (1997), "Early City-states in South Asia: Comparing the Harappan Phase and the Early Historic Period", in D. L. Nichols; T. H. Charlton (eds.), The Archaeology of City States: Cross Cultural Approaches, Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, pp. 52–70, ISBN 1560987227
  5. Allchin, Bridget; Allchin, Raymond (1982), The Rise of Civilization in India and Pakistan, Cambridge University Press, p. 160, ISBN 978-0-521-28550-6
  6. Erdosy 1995, p. 44, 266.

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