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The Sierra Maestra is a mountain range that runs westward across the south of the old Oriente Province in southeast Cuba, rising abruptly from the coast. The range falls mainly within the Santiago de Cuba and in Granma Provinces.[1] Some view it as a series of connecting ranges (Vela, Santa Catalina, Quemado Grande, Daña Mariana),[2] which join with others to the west.[3][4][5][6][7] At 1,974 m (6,476 ft), Pico Turquino is the range's – and the country's – highest point. The area is rich in minerals, especially copper, manganese, chromium, and iron.

Sierra Maestra
Sierra Maestra near the border of Granma and Santiago de Cuba provinces.
Highest point
PeakPico Turquino
Elevation1,974 m (6,476 ft)
Coordinates19°59′22″N 76°50′09″W
Length240 km (150 mi)
Width30 km (19 mi)
Location of Sierra Maestra in Cuba
ProvincesGranma and Santiago de Cuba
Range coordinates20°0′0″N 76°45′0″W
Pico Torquino in the Sierra Maestra, Cuba's highest mountain.
Pico Torquino in the Sierra Maestra, Cuba's highest mountain.


The Sierra Maestra has a long history of guerrilla warfare, starting with the resistance of the Taínos under Guamá (died 1532), the Cimarrón Neo-Taíno nations escaped slave cultures, the Ten Years' War (1868–1878) and the Cuban War of Independence (1895–1898), and various minor conflicts such as the Race War of 1912, and the uprisings of Antonio Guiteras (died 1935) against Gerardo Machado (President of Cuba from 1925 to 1933) and Fulgencio Batista (President 1940–1944 and 1952–1959). After Fidel Castro returned to Cuba in 1956 from exile in Mexico, he and the few other survivors from the failed 1953 attack on Moncada Barracks hid in the Sierra Maestra. There they succeeded in expanding their 26th of July Movement, starting a revolution throughout the region. They built up guerrilla columns, and in collaboration with other groups in the central provinces, Escopeteros on the foot-hills and plains, and the urban resistance, eventually overthrew Batista on 1 January 1959.


Calls of the ivory-billed woodpecker, now possibly extinct, were reported but not confirmed in the Sierra Maestra in 1998.

See also


  1. "Nuestra Sierra Maestra (I)". Retrieved 15 March 2019.
  2. (in Spanish) Guantánamo on
  3. (in Spanish) Niquero on
  4. (in Spanish) Caney on
  5. (in Spanish) Bayamo on
  6. (in Spanish) Cobre on
  7. (in Spanish) Manzanillo on

На других языках

[de] Sierra Maestra

Die Sierra Maestra (dt.: „Hauptgebirge“) ist ein Gebirgszug im Osten Kubas, westlich der Stadt Santiago de Cuba, südlich der Stadt Bayamo und östlich von Manzanillo, im Süden steil abfallend zum Karibischen Meer. Der Gebirgszug liegt in den heutigen Provinzen Granma und Santiago de Cuba. In ihm liegt die höchste Erhebung Kubas, der Pico Turquino (1974 m), innerhalb des heutigen „Nationalparks Turquino“.[1] Unmittelbar östlich davon liegt der Nationalpark Pico Bayamesa mit dem Pico Bayamesa (1730 m) als höchste Erhebung.[2] Auch außerhalb der Nationalparks sind viele Bereiche der Sierra Maestra als Naturschutzgebiete ausgezeichnet, unter anderem El Gigante, Loma de Gato – Monte Líbano, Monte Palmarito, Pico Mogote, Monte Natural Cupaynicú, El Macio.[3][4]
- [en] Sierra Maestra

[es] Sierra Maestra

La Sierra Maestra es una cadena montañosa en la región suroriental de Cuba principalmente en las provincias de Granma y Santiago de Cuba. Su más alta elevación es el Pico Turquino con 1.974 msnm el cual se sitúa en el corazón de la Sierra.

[fr] Sierra Maestra (massif montagneux)

La Sierra Maestra est une chaîne montagneuse à Cuba.

[it] Sierra Maestra (catena montuosa)

La Sierra Maestra è una catena montuosa che si estende nella zona sud-orientale di Cuba soprattutto nelle province di Granma e di Santiago de Cuba.

[ru] Сьерра-Маэстра

Сьерра-Маэстра (исп. Sierra Maestra) — горный массив на юго-востоке Кубы. Массив Сьерра-Маэстра — самый высокий на Кубе, на нём находится высочайшая точка острова — гора Пико Туркино высотой 1974 м.

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