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Mount Lycabettus (/ˌlkəˈbɛtəs/), also known as Lycabettos, Lykabettos or Lykavittos (Greek: Λυκαβηττός, pronounced [likaviˈtos]), is a Cretaceous limestone hill in the Greek capital Athens. At 277 meters (908 feet) above sea level, its summit is the highest point in Central Athens and pine trees cover its base. The name also refers to the residential neighbourhood immediately below the east of the hill.

Lykavittos
Λυκαβηττός
Neighborhood
Coordinates: 37°58′40″N 23°44′30″E
CountryGreece
RegionAttica
CityAthens
Postal code
114 71, 115 21
Websitewww.lycabettushill.com

The hill is a tourist destination and can be ascended by the Lycabettus Funicular, a funicular railway which climbs the hill from a lower terminus at Kolonaki (The railway station can be found at Aristippou street). At its two peaks are the 19th century Chapel of St. George, a theatre, and a restaurant.


Mythical and legendary stories


Lycabettus appears in various legends. Popular stories suggest it was once the refuge of wolves, (lycos in Greek), which is possibly the origin of its name (means "the one [the hill] that is walked by wolves"). Another etymology suggests a Pelasgian, pre-Mycenean, origin (Lucabetu=mastoid hill).[1]

Mythologically, Lycabettus is credited to Athena, who created it when she dropped a limestone mountain she had been carrying from the Pallene peninsula for the construction of the Acropolis after the box holding Erichthonius was opened.

Panorama from Mount Lycabettus, with a view of the Panathinaiko Stadium, the Temple of Olympian Zeus, the Hellenic Parliament and the Acropolis of Athens.

Theatre


The hill has a large open-air amphitheatre at the top, which has housed many Greek and international concerts. Since 2008 it is closed due to safety concerns. By 2022 the city of Athens suggested the renovation and reopening of the theatre.[2] Among the artists who have performed at the Lycabettus theatre are Ray Charles, Joan Baez, B.B. King, Chuck Berry, Jerry Lee Lewis, Leonard Cohen, James Brown, Bob Dylan, Paco De Lucia, Al Di Meola, John Mc Laughlin, Gary Moore, Peter Gabriel, Black Sabbath, Nick Cave, Bjork, Dead Can Dance, Pet Shop Boys, Deep Purple, UB40, Placebo, Morrissey, Radiohead, Moby, Massive Attack, Faith No More, Faithless, Whitesnake, Tracy Chapman, Nightwish, Slipknot, Patti Smith, Vanessa Mae, Bryan Ferry, Tito Puente, Buena Vista Social Club, Orishas, The Prodigy, Iron Maiden, Nazareth, Blackmore's Night and Scorpions.




See also



References






На других языках


[de] Lykabettus

Der Lykabettus (neugriechisch Λυκαβηττός .mw-parser-output .Latn{font-family:"Akzidenz Grotesk","Arial","Avant Garde Gothic","Calibri","Futura","Geneva","Gill Sans","Helvetica","Lucida Grande","Lucida Sans Unicode","Lucida Grande","Stone Sans","Tahoma","Trebuchet","Univers","Verdana"}Lykavittós, Aussprache [.mw-parser-output .IPA a{text-decoration:none}likaviˈtɔs], altgriechisch Lykabēttós, lateinisch Lycabettus, deutsch „Wolfsberg“[1]) ist der Stadtberg Athens.
- [en] Mount Lycabettus

[es] Monte Licabeto

El monte Licabeto (en griego Λυκαβηττός, "Lykavittós") está situado en la ciudad de Atenas, Grecia y su cumbre está a 227 metros de altitud (908 pies).

[fr] Lycabette

Le Lycabette ou Lykavittós (en grec ancien : Λυκαβηττός) est une colline de l'Attique appartenant à la chaîne du Pentélique.

[it] Licabetto

Il Licabetto (in greco: Λυκαβηττός, traslitterato: Lykavittós, "collina dei lupi") è un'altura che si trova ad Atene, capitale della Grecia.

[ru] Ликавит

Ликавито́с[2], Ликабетт[3][4] (греч. Λυκαβηττός) — крутой[4] каменистый холм конической формы[3] в центре города Афины, столицы Греции. Высота — 263 метра над уровнем моря[1] (по другим данным — 277 м[2]). Доступ на холм обеспечивает фуникулёр, построенный в 1965 году.



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