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The Doumeira Islands (Somali: Dumeera, Tigrinya: ዱሜራ, Arabic: دميرة‎) are situated northeast of Djibouti and east of Eritrea near the Bab el-Mandeb in the Red Sea. They consist of Doumeira, located less than one kilometer off of the Eritrean and Djiboutian shore, and the much smaller island of Kallîda, which is 250 meters to the east.

Doumeira Islands
Disputed island
Map of the disputed Ras Doumeira region showing the currently-in-force 1900 boundary agreement
Geography
LocationRed Sea
Coordinates12.715465°N 43.148044°E / 12.715465; 43.148044
Total islands2
Major islandsDoumeira, Kallida
Area1.29 square kilometres (0.50 sq mi)
Highest point
  • 44 metres (144 ft)
Administered by
 Djibouti
Claimed by
 Eritrea
 Djibouti
Demographics
PopulationUninhabited

History


The currently-in-force 1900 boundary agreement specifies that the international boundary starts at Cape Doumeira (Ras Doumeira) at the Red Sea and runs for 1.5 km along the watershed divide of the peninsula. Furthermore, the 1900 protocol specified that Ile Doumeira (Doumeira Island) immediately offshore and its adjacent smaller islets would not be assigned sovereignty and would remain a demilitarized neutral zone.[1]

In January 1935, Italy and France signed the Franco-Italian Agreement wherein parts of French Somaliland (Djibouti) were given to Italy (Eritrea).[2] However, the question of ratification has brought this agreement, and its provision of substantial parts of Djibouti to Eritrea, into question.[3][4] In April 1996 the two countries almost went to war after a Djibouti official accused Eritrea of shelling Ras Doumeira.


References


  1. "International Boundary Studies for most of the world". Archived from the original on 2008-09-24. Retrieved 2008-11-24.
  2. Langer, William L. (1948). An Encyclopaedia of World History. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. p. 990.
  3. "Djibouti-Eritrea boundary row re-emerges". 2008-04-28. Retrieved 2009-08-21.
  4. "The Eritrea-Djibouti border dispute" (PDF). Institute for Security Studies. 2008-09-15. Retrieved 2014-07-14.

На других языках


[de] Doumeira

Doumeira ist eine weniger als ein Quadratkilometer große Insel nordöstlich von Dschibuti nahe dem Bab al-Mandab im Roten Meer.[1] Zusammen mit der 250 Meter östlich gelegenen, wesentlich kleineren Insel Kallîda bildet sie die Doumeira-Inseln.[2] Gemeinsam mit dem 500 Meter südwestlich gelegenen Kap Ras Doumeira mit Hügel auf dem Festland ist die Insel seit der Unabhängigkeit Eritreas von Äthiopien 1993 Gegenstand eines Grenzkonfliktes zwischen Eritrea und Dschibuti.[3]
- [en] Doumeira Islands

[es] Isla Doumeira

Isla Doumeira[1][2] es el nombre que recibe una isla africana localizada en el mar Rojo, que posee una superficie estimada en alrededor de un kilómetro cuadrado, con 1,5 kilómetros de largo por 1 de ancho, y que se encuentra deshabitada. La isla es desde la independencia de Eritrea de Etiopía en 1993 un tema de un conflicto[3] fronterizo entre Eritrea y Yibuti[3] que la reclaman como parte de sus respectivos territorios. El consejo de seguridad de las Naciones Unidas en 2009 exhortó a ambos países a buscar una solución pacífica.[3]

[it] Isole Doumeira

Le isole Doumeira si trovano nel Mar Rosso a nord-est di Gibuti e ad est dell'Eritrea vicino al Bab el-Mandeb, lo stretto che congiunge il Mar Rosso con il Golfo di Aden e quindi con l'Oceano Indiano. L'arcipelago è costituito da Doumeira, situata a meno di un chilometro dalla costa eritrea e di Gibuti, e dall'isola molto più piccola di Kallîda, che si trova 250 metri più ad est. Le isole sono disabitate, di sovranità non definita e oggetto di disputa tra gli stati confinanti.

[ru] Думейра (острова)

Думейра (фр. Doumeira) — острова в Баб-эль-Мандебском проливе, у побережий Джибути и Эритреи.



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