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Chichagof Island (Russian: Остров Чичагова), or Shee Kaax, is an island in the Alexander Archipelago of the Alaska Panhandle. At 75 miles (121 km) long and 50 miles (80 km) wide, it has a land area of 2,048.61 square miles (5,305.9 km2), making it the fifth largest island in the United States and the 109th largest island in the world. Its coastline measures 742 miles.[1] There was a 2000 census population of 1,342 persons. It is one of the ABC islands of Alaska. Chichagof Island has the highest population of bears per square mile of any place on Earth.[2][3]

Chichagof
Native name:
Shee Kaax
Islands and major straits of the northern Pacific Northwest Coast
Chichagof
Chichagof Island (Alaska)
Geography
LocationABC islands of Alaska
Coordinates57°52′25″N 135°46′35″W
ArchipelagoAlexander Archipelago
Area2,048.61 sq mi (5,305.9 km2)
Length75 mi (121 km)
Width50 mi (80 km)
Highest elevation3,909 ft (1191.5 m)
Administration
United States
StateAlaska
Demographics
Population1342 (2000)
Pop. density0.25/km2 (0.65/sq mi)

Chichagof Island is directly north of Baranof Island, with Peril Strait separating the two islands. It is bounded by Chatham Strait to the east, Icy Strait to the northeast, Cross Sound to the northwest, and the Gulf of Alaska to the west.

Idaho Inlet into Chichagof Island in August 2011.
Idaho Inlet into Chichagof Island in August 2011.

The communities of Hoonah, Pelican, Tenakee Springs, and Elfin Cove are all located on the northern half of Chichagof Island, in the Hoonah-Angoon Census Area. The southern half of the island comprises the northern part of the City and Borough of Sitka. Only eight persons were counted in this portion of Sitka at the 2000 census. The primary economic sources for all these communities come from either Chichagof Island or the waters and fjords surrounding it. Commercial fishing, guided hunting trips, charter fishing and logging are all vital economic facets of the local economies.

This island is named after Admiral Vasili Chichagov, a Russian Arctic explorer who never visited Alaska.[1] The entire island lies within the limits of Tongass National Forest. The western coastal portion has been officially designated as the West Chichagof-Yakobi Wilderness.


References


  1. DeArmond, R. N. (1995). Southeast Alaska: Names on the Chart and how they get there. Juneau, Alaska: Ripley/DeArmond.
  2. Bear Island
  3. Carol Healy, Brown Bear Management Report, Alaska Department of Fish & Game, Dec. 2003

На других языках


[de] Chichagof Island

Chichagof Island (in der deutschen Transkription des russischen Originalnamens Остров Чичагова auch Tschitschagow) ist eine Insel im Alexander-Archipel im Alaska Panhandle, im Südosten Alaskas. Sie gehört zu den ABC-Inseln von Alaska.
- [en] Chichagof Island

[es] Isla de Chichagof

La isla de Chichagof (también transcrita como Chichagov o Chichagoff) (en inglés, Chichagof Island) es una isla localizada en el archipiélago Alexander, en la costa noroccidental de Alaska. Tiene 121 km de largo, 80 km de ancho, y una superficie 5,305.9 km², siendo por superficie la 5ª de los Estados Unidos y la 109ª del mundo. En el censo de 2000 en la isla vivían 1.342 personas. Es una de las tres «islas ABC de Alaska» (Admiralty, Baranof y Chichagof).

[fr] Île Chichagof

L'île Chichagof (en anglais Chichagof Island) est une des îles de l'archipel Alexandre dans le Sud-Est de l'Alaska et une des îles ABC.

[it] Chichagof Island

Chichagof Island, (conosciuta anche come Shee Kaax) è un'isola dell'arcipelago Alexander nell'Alaska sud-orientale. Scolasticamente negli US è indicata come una delle isole ABC dell'Alaska. L'isola si trova all'interno del Tongass National Forest[2]. La parte occidentale assieme all'isola Yakobi costituiscono una riserva naturale, la West Chichagof-Yakobi Wilderness.[3]

[ru] Остров Чичагова

О́стров Чича́гова (англ. Chichagof Island) — остров в Архипелаге Александра на юго-востоке штата Аляска, США. Население острова в 2000 году составляло 1342 человека.



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